City crackdown on code violations targets local landmark

Owner of Parkway Tower may face criminal charges

By SHEE WAI WONG

TheNewsOutlet.org

  • PARKWAY_1
    The Parkway Tower (right) is pictured as it was in 2005 and (left) as it is in 2013. The most noticeable differences are the addition of cell towers on the roof, the cracking paint at the top of the building and the boarded-up windows on the ground floor. — Circa 2005 photo/Allan Yeagley. 2013 photo/Shee Wai Wong.
  • PARKWAY_2
    The Parkway Tower, 291 Fifth Ave., (far left) is one of the prominent buildings on the street. It is only eclipsed in stature by the neoclassical façade of the Stambaugh Auditorium. — TheNewsOutlet.org/Shee Wai Wong
  • PARKWAY_3
    The owners of The Parkway Tower placed several ads in the April 20, 1929, issue of The Vindicator. This one pictures the builder Edward Crump Jr. The picture of the building doesn’t show the aluminum awning over the front porch or the canopied walkway. — Courtesy The Vindicator archives
  • PARKWAY_4
    This ad in The Vindicator showed how the rooms looked furnished. The picture at the bottom does show porch awning and the canopied walkway. — Courtesy The Vindicator archives
  • PARKWAY_5
    One of the modern conveniences was the compact electric kitchen, which could be hidden behind a closet door when not in use. — Courtesy The Vindicator archives
  • PARKWAY_6
    In 2005, the lobby ceiling still featured its detailed scrollwork. — Circa 2005 photo/Allan Yeagley
  • PARKWAY_7
    The building featured an electric elevator with a sliding steel gate. Each floor had a single hinged door that opened to the elevator. — Circa 2005 photo/Allan Yeagley
  • PARKWAY_8
    Each of the 38 apartments in the building had its own brass mailbox. By the time this picture was taken in 2005, some of those apartments were still inhabited. — Circa 2005 photo/Allan Yeagley
  • PARKWAY_9
    Each floor featured an incinerator chute for residents to dispose of their burnable trash. — Circa 2005 photo/Allan Yeagley

It’s too late to save the Paramount Theater and the Kress Building, but city officials are taking steps to prevent other buildings, such as the Parkway Tower, from following the same path to destruction.

Edward Crump Jr., who built the Parkway Tower in Youngstown, also built the USO Building at Pennsylvania Station in Pittsburg. — Photo provided

Edward Crump Jr., who built the Parkway Tower in Youngstown, also built the USO Building at Pennsylvania Station in Pittsburg. — Photo provided

Parkway Tower FAQs

TheNewsOutlet.org

Following rare some interesting facts about the Parkway Tower, the builder and its history.

• Edward Crump Jr., the designer and contractor of the Parkway Tower, also built several notable buildings in Pittsburgh, including the addition to Kaufmann’s Department store, the Rieck-McJunkin Dairy Plant, the city’s first spiral ramp parking garage and the USO Building that once stood at the entrance to Pennsylvania Station. He also wrote the Pittsburg building code.

• The Parkway Tower, with its steel girder skeleton, was considered one of the first modern “fire-proof” apartment buildings in the city.

• The apartments featured oak floors atop structural floors made of reinforced concrete.

• The walls are plaster and concrete over expanded steel lathe.

• When the building first opened, the elevator hadn’t been installed. Residents had to use the spiral stairs in the rear stairwells.

• The building was heated by steam from a coal-fired boiler, which was so immense that residents said the building had to be erected around it. When a new boiler was installed, it was positioned next to the old one in the basement.

• Although plans called for the front of the building to be eight stories, the builders decided to build it to only three stories so as not to dwarf the neighboring homes.

• The front windows used to have diamond-shaped leaded glass panels, which were replaced in the 1980s by thermal-paned windows.

• The taller rear portion of the building featured two-bedroom apartments on the fourth through eighth floors. There were just two apartments to each floor.

• Many of the apartments had Murphy beds.

• All the efficiency apartments and some of the one-bedroom apartments had mini-kitchens building into closets with folding doors.

• Each floor had a chute leading to an incinerator in the basement. Residents sent burnable trash down the chutes.

• The building had an aluminum awning on the front porch, with a canvas awning extending to the curb.

• The front porch was lined with ceramic tile.

• Some older residents said Jack Warner of the Warner Brothers Studios once lived in the building.

When Chuck Sammarone took over as mayor in 2011, he took an aggressive stance on property code enforcement in part because he believes that people who left the city did so because “they don’t like how the city looks.” His logic: If you enforce property codes now, you can save historic structures, improve neighborhoods and draw the younger generation back to the area. He expects this to be a long-term process.

“It’s like loosing weight. You don’t wait to exercise until you have high blood pressure and a heart attack,” said Sammarone.

In the past two years, 1,500 properties with code violations have been brought into compliance. Some did so voluntarily. In many cases, the city pursued criminal charges to force owners to comply.

“There’s a high rate of prosecution – criminal charges. It helps to bring property up to codes,” said Maureen O’Neil, Neighborhood Improvement Coordinator for the city.

A current example of this effort involves The Parkway Tower, an eight-story building across from the Stambaugh Auditorium in Wick Park. The city is pursing criminal charges against the owner, Simcha Vashulem LLC, a property investment group based in Brooklyn, N.Y., that has owned the building since 2007. The company also owns a nearby apartment building on North Heights Avenue. There are no code violations on that property.

The tower, built in 1929, once featured luxury rental apartments for higher-income residents. The first-floor housed businesses that catered to the residents. With the rise of suburban development after World War II, tenants gradually moved out. The once grand structure, featuring 38 suites and intricately carved moldings and ceils, no longer has tenants. Utilities were shut off three years ago. The only income comes from a $60,000-a-year lease with AT&T for cellular tower on the roof of the structure.

This is one of the rare high-rise apartment buildings in the city, said Bill Lawson, executive director of the Mahoning Valley Historical Society.

“It is a unique piece of architecture and it’s historically significant because of its place in time. There are so few examples of it here in Youngstown and the Mahoning Valley,” said Lawson.

After a series of meetings with the city, the owner agreed to paint the first two floors of the building, and demolish a carport and a house that was on the property. However, other violations were neglected, said city officials.

What those violations were is difficult to say because the case is in the criminal investigation phase, and Ohio law limits access to all information until charges are filed.

Robert Rohrbaugh, assistant city law director, confirmed he is investigating the criminal charges against the owner. The owners did not return calls and emails asking for comment.

If found guilty of non-compliance, the owner would face a maximum penalty of 60 days in jail and a $1,000 fine, according to the Youngstown Property Code Enforcement website.

“Now because the matter is a pending criminal investigation. There’re not a whole lot more we can comment on about that other than it is ongoing,” said Rohrbaugh.

This has not stopped others from commenting.

“Both local government and people living in the neighborhood (need) to make the owner do the right thing,” said Lawson. “That’s critical and if the owner sees no difference, they’re not going to do anything other than what they’re currently doing.”

Lawson sees the pressure from the community as the real issue on Parkway Tower. Bill D’Avignon, director of the city’s Community Development Agency, agrees.

“They’ll just need to have the correct amount of pressure put on them,” D’Avignon said. “It’s in an historic district and we don’t think demolition is an option there.

“Somebody is going to have to step up and take some actions to preserve the structure.”

Donna Buzulencia, a Realtor with Lakeside Reality, says the owner won’t demolish the building.

“This building will not be demolished for it’s around the Wick Park square. It will cost way too much to demolish,” Buzulencia said in a posted comment on The News Outlet’s website. “The New York City owners will keep this building and deal with whatever need be done, for they are collecting this $60,000 a year over six years. So, do the math.”

The owner did attempt to sell the building in 2008, however, a potential deal fell through because the purchase price wasn’t negotiable, the cost of renovation was too high and the owner wanted to retain the revenue from the cellular tower lease.

Matt Pagac, general manager of the Stambaugh Auditorium, has a suggestion.

“I think it would make a great hotel space. We are desperate need of a hotel for our use and it’s close to us,” said Pagac.

People, who attend two-day-or-more business seminars and some performances, at the auditorium usually stay at the hotels in Liberty, Boardman or Austintown, but Pagac said some guests would prefer to stay at a hotel with a walking distance of the city.

“I would think for Youngstown State University, having a hotel closed by would be valuable, also.”

When a building is left disrepair, it affects the whole neighborhood, said Sharon Letson, director of Youngstown Cityscape, a group aimed at beautifying the city and preserving historical landmarks.

Buildings that keep up with the housing code “raise the standard of neighborhood. If (the owners) neglect the buildings, other may say ‘why should I care about mine,’ ” said Letson.

Her group, which has invested significant efforts in the Wick Park neighborhood, hopes the plight of the Parkway Tower will spur the passage of an historic landmark ordinance in the city.

The ordinance would define landmarks and landmark districts that would be somewhat protected from demolition, incompatible alterations and new construction.

“We’ll keep trying to fight for it and get the city on board,” Letson said.

• News Outlet reporters Josh Medore and Steve Wilaj contributed to this article.

TheNewsOutlet.org is a collaborative effort among the Youngstown State University journalism program, The University of Akron and professional media outlets including, WYSU-FM Radio and The Vindicator (Youngstown), The Beacon Journal and Rubber City Radio (Akron)

Comments

comments

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>